Four Difficulties for Materialism
Here's a nice short piece by Frank Pastore. It's entitled "Why Atheism Fails: The Four Big Bangs". The four problems, posed somewhat more precisely than Pastore himself does, are:
- How did the universe come about given that it's non-eternal?
- How could life have emerged from non-living matter?
- How could mind and self-consciousness have emerged from matter?
- How could there be objective good and evil if materialism is true?
Pastore does fall into the common conflation of atheism and materialism. Technically speaking, one can be an atheist without being a materialist. (The converse is not true, however, since no standard account of God allows God to be a material being.) Pastore's conflation is understandable, however, because a great many (if not most) atheists are materialists.
PS. Some of the comments on Pastore's article are amusing, but I wouldn't put much stock in most of them. Anyone who thinks these problems are easily and painlessly solved by materialists has at best a superficial understanding of the difficulties. Likewise, anyone who thinks that a non-materialist worldview like theism doesn't face some difficult problems needs to read up on some of the standard objections.